Reading and Writing CSV Files in GoLang

Go has a built-in package for reading and writing CSV files. This post will cover the necessary details for working with CSV files in GoLang.

What is a CSV File?

CSV is an encoding which stands for Comma Separated Values. This encoding delimits the data using commas. It is one of the most used encodings to date. Go has encoding/csv package to handle the CSV data.

Importing encoding/csv package

To use CSV with Go we need to import the encoding/csv package as shown below.

import "encoding/csv"

We will also import the os package which will help us open or create files on the go.

import "os"

Reading a CSV file in GoLang

Now, we will try reading a CSV file. To do that, we first need to open it using the os package. Then we create a CSV reader from that file and read its content. Here is the code on how to read a CSV file in Go.

package main

import (
	"encoding/csv"
	"fmt"
	"os"
)

func main() {

	file, err := os.Open("testcsv.csv")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println(err)
	}
	reader := csv.NewReader(file)
	records, _ := reader.ReadAll()

	fmt.Println(records)
}
Go Read Csv
Go Read CSV

As can be seen, the reader reads a predefined CSV file and outputs the data to the console.

Writing a CSV file in GoLang

We will be able to write a CSV file in the same way we read the file. First, we need to create the file for writing using the os package.

package main

import (
	"encoding/csv"
	"fmt"
	"os"
)

func main() {
	f, e := os.Create("./People.csv")
	if e != nil {
		fmt.Println(e)
	}

	writer := csv.NewWriter(f)
	var data = [][]string{
		{"Name", "Age", "Occupation"},
		{"Sally", "22", "Nurse"},
		{"Joe", "43", "Sportsman"},
		{"Louis", "39", "Author"},
	}

	e = writer.WriteAll(data)
	if e != nil {
		fmt.Println(e)
	}
}
Go Write Csv
Go Write CSV

In the code above the slice of the strings is taken as data and written into the CSV file using the writer obtained.